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The Gay Marriage World Map

gay marriage world map

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 The Gay Marriage World Map – Research

Although gay marriage has been embraced by a proportion of the world since it was first made legal in the Netherlands 12 years ago, there is a still a large number of countries where same sex unions are outlawed, met with imprisonment, and in some cases subject to the death penalty.

Africa

Country

Status on Gay and Lesbian Marriages

Algeria Homosexuality Criminalized
Angola Homosexuality Criminalized
Benin No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Botswana Homosexuality Criminalized
Burkina Faso No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Burundi Homosexuality Criminalized
Cameroon Homosexuality Criminalized
Cape Verde No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Central African Republic No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Chad No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Comoros Homosexuality Criminalized
Republic of the Congo No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Ivory Coast No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Democratic  Republic of the Congo No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Djibouti No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Egypt  Homosexuality Criminalized
Equatorial Guinea No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Eritrea Homosexuality Criminalized
Ethiopia Homosexuality Criminalized
Gabon No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Gambia Homosexuality Criminalized
Ghana Homosexuality Criminalized
Guinea Homosexuality Criminalized
Guinea Bissau No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Kenya Homosexuality Criminalized
Lesotho No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Liberia Homosexuality Criminalized
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Homosexuality Criminalized
Madagascar No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Malawi Homosexuality Criminalized
Mali No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Mauritania Death Penalty for Homosexuality
Mauritius Homosexuality Criminalized.
Morocco Homosexuality Criminalized
Mozambique Homosexuality Criminalized
Namibia Homosexuality Criminalized
Niger No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Nigeria Homosexuality Criminalized
Rwanda No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Sao Tome and Principe Homosexuality Criminalized
Senegal Homosexuality Criminalized
Seychelles Homosexuality Criminalized
Sierra Leone Homosexuality Criminalized
Somalia Homosexuality Criminalized
South Africa Gay Marriage Legal
South Sudan Homosexuality Criminalized
Sudan Death Penalty for Homosexuality
Swaziland Homosexuality Criminalized
Togo Homosexuality Criminalized
Tunisia Homosexuality Criminalized
Uganda Homosexuality Criminalized
United Republic of Tanzania Homosexuality Criminalized
Zambia Homosexuality Criminalized
Zimbabwe Homosexuality Criminalized

South Africa is the only country where gay marriage is legal.

Over 3,500 same sex marriages or civil unions have taken place in South Africa.

 Asia

Country

Status on Gay and Lesbian Marriages

Afghanistan Homosexuality Criminalized
Bahrain No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Bangladesh Homosexuality Criminalized
Bhutan Homosexuality Criminalized
Brunei Homosexuality Criminalized
Cambodia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
China No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
East Timor No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
India No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Indonesia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Iran Death Penalty for Homosexuality
Iraq No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Israel Same sex marriages recognized
Japan No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Jordan No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Kazakhstan No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Kuwait Homosexuality Criminalized
Kyrgyzstan No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Laos No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Lebanon Homosexuality Criminalized
Malaysia Homosexuality Criminalized
Maldives Homosexuality Criminalized
Mongolia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Myanmar Homosexuality Criminalized
Nepal No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
North Korea No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Oman Homosexuality Criminalized
Pakistan Homosexuality Criminalized
Palestine Gaza Homosexuality Criminalized
Palestine West Bank No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Philippines No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Qatar Homosexuality Criminalized
Saudi Arabia Death Penalty for Homosexuality
Singapore Homosexuality Criminalized
South Korea No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Sri Lanka Homosexuality Criminalized
Syria Homosexuality Criminalized
Taiwan No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Tajikistan No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Thailand No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Turkmenistan Homosexuality Criminalized
United Arab Emirates Homosexuality Criminalized
Uzbekistan Homosexuality Criminalized
Vietnam No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Yemen Death Penalty for Homosexuality

 

Israel is the only Asian country where same sex marriage is recognized, however, no same sex marriages or unions can take place.

Oceania

Country

Status on Gay and Lesbian Marriages

Australia Same Sex union (Marriage allowed in one territory)
Cook Island Homosexuality Criminalized
Fiji No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Kiribati Homosexuality Criminalized
Marshall Island No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Micronesia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Nauru Homosexuality Criminalized
New Zealand Gay Marriage Legal
Niue No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Palau Homosexuality Criminalized
Papua New Guinea Homosexuality Criminalized
Samoa Homosexuality Criminalized
Solomon Island Homosexuality Criminalized
Tokelau No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Tonga Homosexuality Criminalized
Tuvalu Homosexuality Criminalized
Vanuatu No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality

82 same-sex weddings have taken place in New Zealand (as of Sep 2013)

3 states in Australia (New South Wales, Tasmania, and Victoria) allow same sex civil unions, with the Australian Capital Territory being the only territory that allows for same sex marriages.

South and Central America

Country

Status on Gay and Lesbian Marriages

Argentina Gay Marriage Legal
Belize Homosexuality Criminalized
Bolivia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Brazil Gay Marriage Legal
Costa Rica No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Chile No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Colombia Same Sex union
Ecuador No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
El Salvador No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Guatemala No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Falkland Islands No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
French Guiana Gay Marriage Legal
Guyana Homosexuality Criminalized
Honduras No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Nicaragua No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Panama No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Paraguay No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Peru No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Suriname No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Uruguay Gay Marriage Legal
Venezuela No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality

 

4 countries have legalized gay marriages, with Argentina being the first in 2010. Buenos Aires in Argentina had allowed for same sex unions since 2002.

 

North America

Country

Status on Gay and Lesbian Marriages

Bermuda No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Canada Gay Marriage Legal
Greenland Same Sex union
Mexico Same Sex union (Same Sex Marriage in Certain Parts)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Gay Marriage Legal
United States of America Gay Marriage Legal  (in 15 states*)

 

An estimated 71,156 legal same sex marriages have taken place in the USA (as of June 2013).

Over 700 same sex unions have taken place in Mexico City.

2005 – Canada became the first non-European country to legalize gay and lesbian marriages.

2003 – Massachusetts became the first state in the USA to allow gay and lesbian couples the right to marry and 14 other states have followed since.

*Design note: please shade these states in accordingly: Massachusetts, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, and Hawaii.

 

Caribbean Islands

Caribbean Island

Status on Gay and Lesbian Marriages

Anguilla No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Antigua and Bermuda Homosexuality Criminalized
Aruba No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Barbados Homosexuality Criminalized
Bahamas No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
British Virgin Islands No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Cuba No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Curacao No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Dominica Homosexuality Criminalized
Dominican Republic No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Grenada Homosexuality Criminalized
Guadeloupe Gay Marriage Legal
Haiti No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Jamaica Homosexuality Criminalized
Martinique Gay Marriage Legal
Montserrat No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Puerto Rico No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Saba Gay Marriage Legal
Saint Barthelemy Gay Marriage Legal
St Kitts and Nevis Homosexuality Criminalized
St Lucia Homosexuality Criminalized
Saint Martin Gay Marriage Legal
St Vincent and the Grenadines Homosexuality Criminalized
Sint Eustatius No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Sint Maarten No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Trinidad and Tobago Homosexuality Criminalized
Turks and Caicos Islands No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
United States and Virgin Islands No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality

In the Caribbean Islands:

  • 19 Islands where homosexuality is legal
  •  5 Islands allow for legalized gay and lesbian marriages

Europe

Country

Status on Gay and Lesbian Marriages

Albania No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Andorra Same Sex union
Armenia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Austria Same Sex union
Azerbaijan No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Belarus No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Belgium Gay Marriage Legal
Bosnia and Herzegovina No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Bulgaria No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Croatia Same Sex union
Cyprus No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Czech Republic Same Sex union
Denmark Gay Marriage Legal
Estonia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Finland Same Sex union
France Gay Marriage Legal
Georgia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Germany Same Sex union
Greece No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Hungary Same Sex union
   
Iceland Gay Marriage Legal
Italy No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Kosovo No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Latvia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Liechtenstein Same Sex union
Lithuania No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Luxembourg Same Sex union
Macedonia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Malta No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Moldova No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Monaco No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Montenegro No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
The Netherlands Gay Marriage Legal
Norway Gay Marriage Legal
Poland No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Portugal Gay Marriage Legal
Romania No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Russia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Republic of Ireland Same Sex union
San Marino No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Serbia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Slovakia No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Slovenia Same Sex union
Spain Gay Marriage Legal
Sweden Gay Marriage Legal
Switzerland Same Sex union
Turkey No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
Ukraine No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality
 United Kingdom Gay Marriage Legal (England and Wales)
Vatican City No Laws Allowing Same Sex Unions or Criminalizing Homosexuality

 

Between 2001-2011: 14,183 same sex marriages took place in Netherlands.

The first ever same sex marriage took place in France in Montpellier on June 29th 2013.

A total of 15,114 same sex marriages took place in Belgium between 2004-2010.

Between 2005-2012: 27,357 same sex marriages took place in Spain.

Since the first legal gay marriage 12 years ago, there have been significant changes to society’s view on the matter – and laws have been changed to reflect it.

As social attitudes continue to change with the times, in another 12 years, we could be looking at a very different world landscape from today.

Sources

Gay marriage around the world – bbc.co.uk

France’s parliament approve gay marriage – bbc.co.uk

Australian Capital Territory legalises same sex marriage – bbc.co.uk

The 14 countries that allow gay marriages – thejournal.ie

Same-Sex Marriage State-by-State – pewforum.org

Gay rights around the world: the best and worst countries for equality – theguardian.com

Hawaii senate approves bill to legalise same-sex marriage – theguardian.com

Saba Legalizes Gay Marriage – huffingtonpost.com

Asia from a Lesbian and Gay Human Rights Perspective – old.ilga.org

Africa from a Lesbian and Gay Human Rights Perspective – old.ilga.org

Oceania from a Lesbian and Gay Human Rights Perspective – old.ilga.org

Latin America and the Caribbean from a Lesbian and Gay Human Rights Perspective – old.ilga.org

Statistics South Africa: Marriage and divorces – statssa.gov.za

Oceania from a Lesbian and Gay Human Rights Perspective – old.ilga.org

Latin America and the Caribbean from a Lesbian and Gay Human Rights Perspective – old.ilga.org

Statistics South Africa: Marriage and divorces – statssa.gov.za

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